The Normandy Invasion was launched on June 6, 1944, with the landing of U.S., British, and Canadian forces on five beaches on the northern coast of France. Even though D-Day is a generic military term for any day on which an operation is to occur, the Normandy Invasion was such an important and decisive event during World War II that it has come to be known as, simply, D-Day. The 10 infographics in this list will help you better understand what happened during the Normandy Invasion and how this operation, which liberated northern France by August, led to the end of the Nazi Reich and World War II.(Read Sir John Keegan’s Britannica entry on the Normandy Invasion.)
Facts and statistics about the Normandy Invasion
Discover how many troops were involved in the Normandy Invasion, and use the timeline to understand how long it took the Allies to complete their attack.
Map of Allied invasion routes and German defenses on June 6, 1944
Use this map to learn about the invasion routes of the Allies during the Normandy Invasion.
The Allies’ initial assault and final positions at Omaha Beach during the Normandy Invasion
Explore these maps to discover how the American landings on Omaha Beach happened on June 6, 1944.
The obstacles at Omaha Beach during the Normandy Invasion
These diagrams show the obstacles found on a typical section of Omaha Beach on June 6, 1944.
The Allies’ initial assault and final positions at Utah Beach during the Normandy Invasion
Discover how many troops were involved in the American landings on Utah Beach on June 6, 1944, and use these maps to see how they made their way inland.
The Allies’ initial assault and final positions at Gold, Juno, and Sword beaches during the Normandy Invasion
Find out more from these maps about how the Canadian and British landings on Gold, Juno, and Sword beaches proceeded on June 6, 1944.
American landing craft compared
Use this diagram to compare the different types of American landing craft used during World War II.
Anglo-American chain of command during the Normandy Invasion
This diagram explains the hierarchy of the Anglo-American chain of command that was in place on June 6, 1944.
German chain of command during the Normandy Invasion
This diagram explains the hierarchy of the German chain of command in western Europe that was in place on June 6, 1944.
Number of casualties during the Normandy Invasion
There were an estimated 550,200 battle casualties during the Normandy Invasion in 1944. Use this chart to compare the losses suffered by German and Allied forces.